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Tripura, the land of History and Legends

There have been multiple impact of demographic changes that took place in Tripura following refugees settlement from erstwhile  East Pakistan in the after math of India's  independence and partition. Apart from the political, economical, social impacts it has also affected the Cultural and topographical aspect of Tripura. Most of the Names of Places viz. different villages, hamlets, rivers, tributaries, markets, area, hills, hillocks, towns etc had been Changed to suit the tongue of refugees, who had since became majority population. This created the impression that Tripura state did not belonged to Native Tripuri people, rather it created the idea that the land had since been occupied by Indo-Arian language speakers, which it was not till mid 20th century in true senses. These are just a tip of ice berg, the list if added it would make almost all the geographical names of Tripura.

POPULATION HISTORY OF TRIPURA

Year-AD Total Population % of  Increase Native Tripuri Others+ Bengali  % of Tripuri % of Others + Bengali
           
1881 95,637 - 83,257 12,380 87.06 12.94
1891 1,37,442 43 1,04,114 33,328 75.75 24.25
1901 1,73,325 26 1,29,431 43,894 74.68 25.52
1911 2,29,613 32.48 1,47,950 81,653 64.34 35.66
1921 3,04,437 31.59 2,08,052 96,386 68.34 31.66
1931 3,82,450 25.63 2,68,067 1,14,383 70.09 29.91
1941 5,31,010 34.14 3,18,359 1,94,651 62.06 37.94
1951 6,39,028 24.56 3,10,946 3,28,082 48.65 51.35
1961 11,42,005 78.71 3,60,070 7,81,935 31.55 68.47
1971 15,56,342 36.28 4,50,544 11,05,798 28.95 71.05
1981 20,53,058 31.92 5,83,920 14,69,138 28.44 71.56
1991 27,57,205 25.54 8,53,920 19,03,860 30.95 69.05
2001 31,91,168 15.74 10,69,622 21,21,546 33.52 66.48

Comparison of Hindu Vs Muslim

Year (T.E.*) Total Citizen Bengali Hindu Bengali Muslim Total Bengali
Number % Number % Number %
1310 1,73,325 15,072 8.6 45,017 25.9 60,089 23.7
1320 2,29,613 32,905 14.33 64,953 28.28 97,858 42.61
1330 3,04,437 46,135 15.1 82,288 27.02 1,28,423 42.14
1340 3,82,450 61,820 16.16 1, 30, 720 27.1 1,65,540 43.26

*T.E.-Tripura Era Founded in 590 AD


Revenue of Tripura During Raj  

Financial Year (T. E.)

Hill Tripura in Rupees

Chakla Roshanbad in Rupees

1309-10 (1899-1901)

7,01,550

8,57,520

1319-20 (1909-10)

10,93,815

9,03,265

1329-30 (1919-20)

13,20,201

10,87,044

1339-40 (1929-30)

18,78,321

10,21,483

1349-50 (1939-40)

19,82,428

13,89,133