are many opinions about the origin and nature of Lord Goria or Baba Goria, as He
is fondly addressed upon by Tripuri people. It is very difficult which opinion
is true, but one thing that seems to be true is that He is omnipresent and
omnipotent; He can be present in any form, in every form and in every way. So all the
theory seems to correct as far as Goria is concerned.
had not been much research on the etymology of word Goria or Garia. In analyzing
the root of the word, Goria, it derived from Gauri, one of names of the Mother
Goddess Parvati. As Mahadeva or Siva is husband of Gauri, the masculine form of
the name would be Gauraya, which is customary to address among Tripuri. For
Example Rabi would be called Rabiya, Budhi would turn to Budia etc. The meaning
of the word Gauri is basically yellowish, and the origin of the word Gauri is
from Tripuri word Kormo meaning Yellow, which changed to Gormo>Gora>Gauri. This
was how the word Goria had derived.
What is Lord
Goria is all about, there are many query and doubts. Some people think that
Goria derived from fertility cult that prevailed in the pre-historic time, that
is why there are many lyrics related to fertility cult. That is why some people
think that Lord Goria is worshipped during the time of sowing seed in the HUK or
group of people think that Lord Goria is god of war and victory, that is why he
is worshipped with most pomp and show and at large scale in community level
among the warrior clan of Tripuri people, that is Jamatia.
the legend and mythology the Deity of Lord Goria which is with the Jamatia clan
was brought from the Sikam, that is Kuki in the war of Thanangsi, during the
time of King Dhanya Manikya. Though there was a war with Sikam, in which they
were totally subjugated, as mentioned in Rajmala, but there was not a single
mention of Lord Goria deity being brought from them. There was no logic either
to bring the gods or the belief of defeated race to worship them. Rather in
Rajmala it was mentioned that the Sikam were forced to worship the dynasty Deity
of Tripuri people, 'The 14 Gods' and follow Tripuri beliefs.
of people are of the opinion that, Lord Goria is the Tripuri form of Lord
Ganesha, one of mainstream Hindu God, that is why He is worshipped for wealth,
prosperity, wellbeing and peace. The knot tied on RISA presented in the deity of
Lord Goria is symbol of Trunk of Lord Ganesha. That is why during 'BOR RWMA'
people seek for prosperity, wealth and wellbeing from Lord Goria.
Most of the
people think and believe that Lord Goria is one name of Lord Siva. He symbolizes
all the qualities mentioned above, that is why Lord Goria is worshipped from the
first day of the year and continue for seven days. People seek blessing from
Him, the Energy, Wealth, prosperity, wellbeing, defeat of enemies, decay of
diseases, good rain, for the marriages, for the offspring, and for every thing
of happiness, comfort and all-round development of family, society and country.
can be substantiated by the writing of some of Well known writer of Tripuri
religion. Sh. Sujan Kumar Jamatia had also stated in his book, 'Kwthar Laikrang'
meaning Sacred Book that Lord Goria is the whole and sole creator of this
universe, He is one manifestation of Lord Siva. Similarly Lt. Sh. Alindra Lal
Tripura in his book 'Traipur Samhita' meaning Tripuri Religion stated that Lord
Goria Siva has many name, he is known in different name in different time and
place, and one of such name is Lord Goria. The side one is the excerpt of Sh.
There is a group of people in Pakistan, where
people still worship the Lord Siva as Goroya, the place where once the ancestors
of Tripuri people lived in, before migrating to present state. This also shows
that Goria or Goroya is one form of the Lord Siva.