word buisu derived from the Tripuri root word bisi meaning year. Buisu
literally means New Year eve. It is the junction of end of the old year and
beginning of the New Year. In one words it means New Year celebration.
In the past en Tripuri people used to do jhum or
huk cultivation, almost every thing required for house hold or in other words
almost all the need of man used to be produced from huk and jungle. Naturally
they would then depend on huk and huk used to be their life. That is why Tripuri
would have to observe when the year would begin and when it would end, as any
change in timing for any part of jhum activity would result a bad consequences
and ultimately a disastrous impact in the family. For example, if one was not
sure of the time when to search jungle for jhum field in time, then naturally he
would not find good piece of forest, as other would take all the best and most
Similarly if one is not aware of time to cut the
selected jungle for jhum, he will not be able to finish in time and the cut
jungle would not dry up for burning to make it a jhum field. In the same reason
if a man is not sure when to burn the cut jungle he will not be able to clean it
in time for sowing seeds. And if one is not sure when the new year has come then
he will not be able to sow seeds of paddy, cotton, and all other agricultural
products of jhum and ultimately he will be left poor and had beg.
That is why the importance of New Year was very
important, so they would have to know exactly when the New Year had began and
they would all celebrate with pomp and show, the beginning of New Year, that is
Buisu falls on the last day of chaitra of Indian
religious calendar, which falls on 13th of April in Gregorian and on
14th in the leap year. The festival of buisu is celebrated in two
days, first day is hari buisu meaning buisu for animals, and second day is maha
buisu or grand buisu.
the hari buisu, before the day break, young
children would go to jungle, to collect wild flowers for the domestic animals.
Tripuri considers domestic animals as representative of gods, because of whom
they are able to do all the house hold and agricultural work.
After collecting various wild flowers from jungle,
they will make a garland as much is required. Then they will bathe all the
domestic animals, in the pond or any other streams. Then they will put a tilak
on their fore head, put the garland on the neck of cows, goats etc. if they had
horn, they would decorate the horn also with garlands, and do salutation. They
would also put garland on the dogs, cats etc. this day the domestic animals are
given good foods, and they are let loose to go to jungle.
The preparation for buisu starts day before actual
buisu. The women folk are the main initiator of buisu. They would weave
Risa, and Rituku for them as well any other female member of the family, and
dhuti of male members and son-in-law. It would take months together, to weave large number of
cloths for the family. They do white wash and cleaning of house, all the broken
and nonuse able article of house would be thrown away. They would husk guria
paddy into rice for making various kind of cake, that is awan. The women will
grind the rice to flour for cakes. They would go to near by jungle to collect
special kind of leaves called lairu to prepare Awan Bangwi. They would also have
to prepare Chuwan and Bwtwk, a kind or rice bear for the festivals.
On the buisu day, mothers will wake up early in
the morning even before the cock crow, prepare various kinds of cakes, they will
cook various types of delicious dishes and get ready well before the lunch time
Some would do the lampra puja in the early morning
for the welfare of the family. They invite to various friends, relatives, near
and dear ones. The woman who had been married off this year are specially
invited to come and attend this day. The son-in-laws are treated like VIP guest
in the home. The brothers and sisters in law would make fun and demand from
their brother in law. In the noon time they will gather in a particular home,
bring their own contribution of share like cakes, sweets, bwtwk, and dishes.
They will have a grand feast, dine, drink, dance,
and sing all through the day and night. For them buisu comes ones in a year, who
know whether they will see again this day or not, so just enjoy the day. They
want to forget last year's bad things, they would say good bye to the last year,
so they will wait till the mid night to well come new Tripuri year, they would
pass the new year so that the year ahead brings all the happiness, success, and
yielding form the jhum. The very next day is beginning of Lord Goria seven days
festivals. So the importance of buisu is very much in the life of Tripura people
since the ancient times.