history of the Molsoms, or Halams very little is known. According to the experts, the Molsoms belong to the Indo-Mongolian racial family.
Culturally they are closely linked to Tripuri people on general, but due to
conversion to foreign religion some sub tribes may have changed their culture to
western onslought of conversion. Linguistically, they are
closely related to the Kuki sub-family as well as Bodo group of of the
Tibeto-Burman family, due to
inter mixing of Boro group and Kuki group of Tibeto Burman Languages. It is
presumed that they
have migrated from somewhere near the Burma-frontier in the east. But none
can produce accurate evidence with reference to the above statement till today.
It is very
difficult to trace the origin of the Molsoms. Because, there is no recorded
evidence to show where the Molsoms came from, how they came and when they
settled in Tripura. All we know is that they are now son of soil. They are found
settled in Udaipur, Amarpur, Sonamura, Sadar, Khowai, Gandachara and Kamalpur
Sub-Divisions of the state. Recently, they are also being settled in Kanchanpur
Sub-Division of North Tripura District. But they are not found in Sabroom and
Belonia Sub-Divisions of South Tripura District.
it is a sub-group of Halam community. According to common belief that the
Molsoms are known as No. 1 Halam in the long past and is prevailing till today.
It is therefore, taken for granted that the culture of the Molsoms must be
similar to that of the rest of Halam sub-tribes. On the other hand, it is also
reveals that little variation in regard to their traditional food habits, rites
and rituals, dialectical pronunciation are worth mentioning today.
As we know that the Halam Community consists of some sub-tribes, namely, (1)
Molsom, (2) Kaipeng, (3) Hrangkhawl, (4) Kalai, (5) Rupini, (6) Bongcher, (7)
Karbong, (8) Langkai, (9) Chorai, (10) Morsophang, (11) Ranglong and (12)
and Rupini subgroups do not fall under the Halam Group pf Tripuri people, infact
they are small independent group of Tripuri people. They had been classified in
this group during the 1901 census was because their numbers were very small to
be classified as an independent group, so the data compilers of census of that
year included in the minority group of Halam. Since then these Koloi and Rupini
have been illogically classified as Halams by many sociologist and historians.
But on the contrary there is nothing both ethnically, linguistically or
culturally to classified them as Halams. It is
strongly urged that the Koloi and Rupini be classified as separate group llike
Jamatia, Riang etc.
to the above the following sub-tribes also subsequently included into the Halam.
They are (1) Natianglong., (2) Nasbang, (3) Saimar, (4) Dab and (5) Sangachep.
Actually, these sub-tribes like Bongcher, Karbong, Langkai, Morsophang, Ranglong
and Thangachep sub tribes.
folk tale tells that the Molsoms had been originally residing in the village
named Arsien Khosak that was situated at Bolpuitang. In this connection, it may
be mentioned here that the Molsoms believe that all human being were once under
earth. The area of Arisienkhosak was so large that if any one traveled all over
the village with a wet wrapper made row cotton that is locally called Ponpui
then the wrapper would dry up by the time the walk was completed. In that
village all Molsom were under control of the community chief Kamchikao. Along
with other activities, the Kamchikao had collect subscriptions for the annual
Sengrak worship. Besides, he had to arrange for daily worship of Sengrak.
Kamchikao was so busy in collecting subscription that for several days he had
forgotten to arrange for hens for the daily Sengrak worship. The Sengrak became
angry since no hen was offered to Him on all those days and in anger he left the
village and went to nearby hill. By that time, an evil spirit named Rurengnu
entered the village and started killing one person of the village everyday. But
the villagers were unaware of this in the beginning due to the density of the
population in the village, the loss of one person every day was almost ignored
by them. But they became trance when one day the daughter of the Knchikao was
missing. Kamchikao ordered all the villagers to apprehend the person or thing
responsible for the missing of his daughter. Every youth of the village than
started searching day and night for the abductor. In the mean time Sengrak came
to know, by the exercise of his supernatural power, al about the Rurengnu. He
then got converted a snake and entered into the village in the form of a snake,
the watch party killed it by cutting its head. The Sengrak however could save
himself due to his supernatural power. The watch part then distributed the flesh
of that snake among the villagers. An old widow got its head as per her share,
which she kept above the hearth to dry up for future consumption.
Next day in
the early morning the snake-head cried out like a hen and ten in clear human
voice told the widow to flee elsewhere because an earthquake would destroy the
village. The widow conveyed the forecast to all villagers without delay.
of the Arsienkhosak, accordingly, vacated the village that morning with their
belongings. They had to cross a river on their way to another hillock. It was
too deep and the water too cold to across. They made a rope-bridge with fibre of
a local tree known as ronrui and stared crossing the river. The Kamchikao was
supervising the safe movement of the villagers across the rope-bridge.
the villagers had crossed, the Kamchikao started crossing the bridge and as soon
as he stepped on to the bridge, it broke down. He cried out for help. The widow
then declared that it was because of the sin committed by the Kaamchikao to
Sengrak that he failed to cross the river. She advised him to worship Sengrak by
sacrificing a hen from the tail part of which no feather is lost, in fact
indicates a matured hen. The widow then told the Kamchikao that only after
worshiping the Sengrak he would be able to cross the river. After that the widow
and other villagers left the place. They then reached a hill named Relhi champhai
where they settled for some period.
settlement area of Relhi champhai of the Mizoram also scattered over ten
hillocks and as per their staying, it was situated near present Mizoram.